Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa: A Powerful Adaptation of Mahasweta Devi's Novel
Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa (Mother of 1084) is a 1998 Hindi film directed by Govind Nihalani and based on the Bengali novel of the same name by Mahasweta Devi. The film stars Jaya Bachchan, Anupam Kher, Nandita Das, Seema Biswas and Milind Gunaji in pivotal roles. The film was screened at the 1998 International Film Festival of India and won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi.
The film revolves around the life of Sujata Chatterjee (Jaya Bachchan), a middle-class housewife whose son Brati (Joy Sengupta) is killed by the police during the Naxalite movement in West Bengal in 1971. Sujata is shocked to learn that her son was a revolutionary and tries to understand his motives and ideology. She also faces the indifference and hostility of her husband Dibyanath (Anupam Kher) and her daughter Nandini (Nandita Das), who are ashamed of Brati's involvement in the movement. Sujata finds solace in the company of Brati's comrades and his lover Nandini (Seema Biswas), who share their memories and experiences with her.
The film explores the themes of political repression, social injustice, class conflict, gender discrimination and motherhood. It also questions the role of the intelligentsia and the media in the context of the Naxalite movement. The film is a faithful adaptation of Mahasweta Devi's novel, which was inspired by the real-life story of her son Nabarun Bhattacharya, who was a Naxalite activist. The film captures the emotional turmoil and moral dilemma of Sujata, who represents the voice of conscience and resistance in a society that is indifferent to human rights and democratic values.
Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa is one of the rare Hindi films that deals with the Naxalite movement and its impact on the lives of ordinary people. It is also one of the finest performances by Jaya Bachchan, who portrays the grief, anger, courage and dignity of a mother who loses her son to a cause she does not fully understand. The film is a powerful tribute to Mahasweta Devi's novel and to the spirit of dissent and democracy.
The film also features some memorable performances by the supporting cast, especially Seema Biswas, who plays the role of Nandini, Brati's lover and comrade. She portrays the strength and vulnerability of a woman who is committed to the revolutionary cause and loves Brati deeply. She also shares a bond of empathy and respect with Sujata, who treats her as a daughter. Seema Biswas won the National Film Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role in the film.
The film also has a strong musical score by Bhupen Hazarika, who composed and sang the songs for the film. The songs reflect the mood and theme of the film, ranging from the patriotic \"Ek Baar Phir Kaho Zara\" to the romantic \"Tum Bin\" to the melancholic \"Maa Ki Mamta\". The songs also enhance the narrative and the characterization of the film.
Hazaar Chaurasi Ki Maa is a film that deserves to be watched and appreciated by all those who value cinema as a medium of art and expression. It is a film that challenges the viewer to think and feel about the issues that affect our society and our humanity. It is a film that celebrates the courage and sacrifice of those who fight for justice and freedom. It is a film that honors the legacy of Mahasweta Devi and her son Nabarun Bhattacharya, who were both writers and activists in their own right. 061ffe29dd