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How to Download Livro Medronho Epidemiologia Pdf for Free
Livro Medronho Epidemiologia is a popular textbook on epidemiology, the study of how diseases spread and affect populations. It covers topics such as epidemiological methods, descriptive epidemiology, analytical epidemiology, and epidemiology of infectious and chronic diseases. The book is written by Roberto A. Medronho, a professor of epidemiology at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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What is Epidemiology and Why is it Important?
Epidemiology is the science that studies the distribution and determinants of health and disease in human populations. It aims to identify the causes and risk factors of diseases, as well as the ways to prevent and control them. Epidemiology also provides the basis for public health policies and interventions that aim to improve the health and well-being of people.
Epidemiology is important because it helps us understand how diseases affect different groups of people and how they can be prevented or treated. For example, epidemiology can help us answer questions such as:
How many people are affected by a certain disease in a given area or time period?
What are the characteristics of the people who are affected by the disease (such as age, gender, ethnicity, lifestyle, etc.)?
What are the factors that increase or decrease the risk of getting or transmitting the disease (such as genetics, environment, behavior, etc.)?
How effective are the available methods of prevention and treatment for the disease (such as vaccines, drugs, screening tests, etc.)?
What are the potential impacts of the disease on the individual and the society (such as mortality, morbidity, disability, quality of life, economic costs, etc.)?
By answering these questions, epidemiology can help us design and evaluate strategies to prevent and control diseases and improve health outcomes.
What are the Main Topics Covered by Livro Medronho Epidemiologia?
Livro Medronho Epidemiologia is a comprehensive textbook that covers the main topics and concepts of epidemiology. It is divided into four parts:
Part I: Epidemiological Methods. This part introduces the basic principles and methods of epidemiology, such as measures of frequency and association, study designs, bias, confounding, effect modification, causality, validity, reliability, and ethical issues.
Part II: Descriptive Epidemiology. This part describes the patterns and trends of diseases in populations according to time, place, and person. It also discusses the sources and methods of data collection and analysis in epidemiology.
Part III: Analytical Epidemiology. This part explains how to conduct and interpret epidemiological studies that aim to test hypotheses about the causes and risk factors of diseases. It covers topics such as cohort studies, case-control studies, cross-sectional studies, ecological studies, experimental studies, meta-analysis, and systematic review.
Part IV: Epidemiology of Infectious and Chronic Diseases. This part applies the epidemiological methods and concepts to specific diseases that affect human health. It covers topics such as transmission modes, natural history, surveillance, prevention, control, outbreak investigation, vaccination, infectious disease modeling, chronic disease epidemiology, cancer epidemiology, cardiovascular epidemiology, diabetes epidemiology, nutritional epidemiology, environmental epidemiology, occupational epidemiology, genetic epidemiology, social epidemiology, and behavioral epidemiology.
Livro Medronho Epidemiologia is a valuable resource for students and professionals who want to learn more about epidemiology and its applications to public health. 061ffe29dd